# What is the use of Cartesian product in SQL?

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The Cartesian product, also referred to as a cross-join, returns all the rows in all the tables listed in the query. Each row in the first table is paired with all the rows in the second table. This happens when there is no relationship defined between the two tables.

## Which SQL operation uses Cartesian Product?

Implementing a Cartesian Product in SQL is possible with the CROSS JOIN operator that returns the cross product of two tables.

## How do you use Cartesian Product?

In mathematics, the Cartesian Product of sets A and B is defined as the set of all ordered pairs (x, y) such that x belongs to A and y belongs to B. For example, if A = {1, 2} and B = {3, 4, 5}, then the Cartesian Product of A and B is {(1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5)}.

## What do you mean by Cartesian Product in MySQL?

In MySQL, the CROSS JOIN produced a result set which is the product of rows of two associated tables when no WHERE clause is used with CROSS JOIN. … This kind of result is called as Cartesian Product. In MySQL, the CROSS JOIN behaves like JOIN and INNER JOIN of without using any condition.

## Why would you use a Cartesian join?

CARTESIAN JOIN: The CARTESIAN JOIN is also known as CROSS JOIN. In a CARTESIAN JOIN there is a join for each row of one table to every row of another table. This usually happens when the matching column or WHERE condition is not specified.

## Why is it called Cartesian product?

The Cartesian product is named after René Descartes, whose formulation of analytic geometry gave rise to the concept, which is further generalized in terms of direct product.

## What is the Cartesian product of the table?

A Cartesian product is the result of joining every row in one table with every row in another table. This occurs when there is no WHERE clause to restrict rows. While this is legitimate in some cases, most occurrences of a Cartesian product are mistakes.

## How do you explain cartesian product?

The Cartesian product X×Y between two sets X and Y is the set of all possible ordered pairs with first element from X and second element from Y: X×Y={(x,y):x∈X and y∈Y}.

## Is cartesian product distributive?

Cartesian product is distributive over union: A×(B∪C)=(A×B)∪(A×C)

## How can Cartesian product be prevented?

To avoid Cartesian products, every view in the from clause must be connected to each of the other views by a single join predicate, or a chain of join predicates. These are some cases when Cartesian products between two views do not introduce a performance bottleneck.

## Which query will create the Cartesian product?

The SQL CROSS JOIN produces a result set which is the number of rows in the first table multiplied by the number of rows in the second table if no WHERE clause is used along with CROSS JOIN. This kind of result is called as Cartesian Product.

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## What is Cartesian product in relational algebra?

The Cartesian Product is also an operator which works on two sets. It is sometimes called the CROSS PRODUCT or CROSS JOIN. It combines the tuples of one relation with all the tuples of the other relation.

## What is the difference between Cartesian product and joins?

Cross-join is SQL 99 join and Cartesian product is Oracle Proprietary join. A cross-join that does not have a ‘where’ clause gives the Cartesian product. Cartesian product result-set contains the number of rows in the first table, multiplied by the number of rows in second table.

## What is the disadvantage of Cartesian product?

Cartesian Products usually don’t provide useful information and often result in mistakes that can hurt your database developer career.

## How can avoid Cartesian product in SQL join?

You will avoid a Cartesian product in an inner join by providing a join condition which is not true for all row combinations of the joined tables.